Total ethanol production in Brazil is expected to increase nearly 9% this year, with fuel ethanol production up nearly 8%, according to a report filed with the USDA’s Global Agricultural Information Network. Foreign Agricultural Service. Corn ethanol production is also expected to increase significantly.
Brazil is expected to produce 31.655 billion liters (8.36 billion gallons) of ethanol in 2022, up from 29.98 billion liters in 2021, but still below the 37.383 billion liters and 35.081 billion liters of production reported for 2019 and 2020, respectively.
Fuel ethanol production is expected to reach 28.421 billion liters this year, up from 26.195 billion liters last year. Fuel ethanol production was 34.407 billion liters in 2019 and 30.897 billion liters in 2020.
Brazil is expected to import only 605 million liters of ethanol this year, including 600 million liters of fuel ethanol. Imports were 432 million liters and 427 million liters, respectively, in 2021.
The United States was Brazil’s main supplier of ethanol in 2021 with 269.483 million liters, followed by Paraguay with 162.535 million liters and Canada with 140,000 liters.
Ethanol exports are expected to drop to 1.55 billion liters this year from 1.948 billion liters in 2021 and 2.669 billion liters in 2020. Fuel ethanol exports are expected to reach 250 million liters this year from 300 million liters last year and 850 million liters in 2020.
South Korea was the top destination for Brazilian ethanol exports last year, with 778.44 million liters, followed by the United States with 465.46 million liters and the Netherlands with 118.384 million liters.
Ethanol consumption in Brazil is expected to reach 29.599 billion liters in 2022, up slightly from 29.545 billion liters in 2021. Ethanol consumption was 34.973 billion liters in 2019 and 31.296 billion liters in 2020 Fuel ethanol consumption is expected to reach 27.665 billion liters this year. , up slightly from 27.408 billion liters last year. Fuel ethanol consumption at 32.848 billion liters in 2019 and 28.932 billion liters in 2020.
The overall ethanol blending rate for transportation fuel is expected to be 49% in 2022, up from 48.8% last year, 52.5% in 2020 and 54.1% in 2019.
Brazil currently has approximately 337 sugarcane ethanol refineries with a combined nameplate capacity of 54.28 billion liters, up from 343 facilities with a combined capacity of 50.5 billion liters in 2021. The country also has 18 facilities that can process both corn and sugar cane, up from 19 last year and 11 in 2020. The capacity of these facilities is currently estimated at 5 billion liters per year, compared to 4 billion liters per year in 2021 and 2.5 billion liters per year in 2020. Capacity utilization of facilities that can process the two feedstocks is expected to be at 48% this year, stable compared to last year.
Brazil also currently has two cellulosic ethanol plants with a combined capacity of 75 million liters, compared to three facilities with a capacity of 75 million liters in 2021 and three facilities with a capacity of 127 million liters in 2020. Capacity utilization should be 73%. for 2022, compared to 53% in 2021 and 25% in 2020.
An estimated 338.75 million metric tons of sugarcane are expected to be used as feedstock for ethanol production this year, compared to 333.05 million metric tons last year. According to the report, Brazil’s ethanol producers will also process 10.791 million metric tons of corn this year, up from 7.904 million metric tons in 2021 and 5.827 million metric tons in 2020. The country’s cellulosic plants will process about 306,000 metric tons of bagasse as raw materials, compared to 222,000 metric tons last year and 178,000 metric tons in 2020.
Bagasse remains the main co-product of ethanol in Brazil, expected at 112.917 million metric tons this year, compared to 11.017 million metric tons in 2021. Production of DDG and corn oil increases as production of corn ethanol increases, with 3.378 million metric tons of DDG and 194,000 metric tons. tons of corn oil production expected this year, up from 2.474 million metric tons and 142,000 metric tons, respectively last year.
A full copy of the report can be downloaded from the USDA FAS GAIN website.